2015年无锡市中考英语试卷及答案解析(Word版)

 时间:2015-07-03 12:49:24 贡献者:Izchunling

导读:本试题分两卷。第 I 卷(客观题)在第 1 至第 6 页,第 II 卷(主观题)在第 7 至第 8 页。 考试时间为 100 分钟。试卷满分为 90 分。 注意事项: 1.答题前,考生务必用 0.5 毫米黑色墨水签字

2014年无锡市中考英语试题及答案(word版)
2014年无锡市中考英语试题及答案(word版)

本试题分两卷。

第 I 卷(客观题)在第 1 至第 6 页,第 II 卷(主观题)在第 7 至第 8 页。

考试时间为 100 分钟。

试卷满分为 90 分。

注意事项: 1.答题前,考生务必用 0.5 毫米黑色墨水签字笔将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在答题卡 的相应位置上,并认真核对条形码上的姓名、准考证号是否与本人的相符合。

2.答客观题必须用 2B 铅笔将答题卡上对应题目的正确选项涂黑。

如需改动,用橡皮擦 干净后,再选涂其他答案。

答案不能答在试题卷上。

3.答主观题必须用 0.5 毫米黑色墨水签字笔作答,答案写在答题卡各题目指定区域内相 应位置上。

如需改动,先划掉原来的答案,然后再写上新的答案。

不准使用铅笔和涂改液。

不按以上要求作答的答案无效。

4.考生必须保持答题卡的整洁。

考试结束后,将试题卷和答题卡一并交回。

第 I 卷(客观题共 50 分) 一、单项选择在 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡 上将该项涂黑。

(本大题共 14 小题,每小题 1 分,共 14 分) 1.Listen up, everybody! Show me your licence. Don’t ask A. what 【答案】D B.when C.how . Just do it! D.why【考点定位】 :考查疑问词辨析。

2.— is it from the New Town to the old city centre? —Less than 30 minutes by underground. A. How soon 【答案】D B. How often C. How long D. How far

【考点定位】 :考查疑问副词辨析。

3.It's really them on your own? A. smart of 【答案】C B. smart for C. silly of D.silly for you not to tell your parents about the problems. Do you think you can solve【考点定位】 :考查形容词及介词辨析。

4.—I think we need to sit down and have a talk. —I A. could 【答案】B agree more. Let's take the bench over there. B. couldn't C. should D. shouldn't【考点定位】 :考查情态动词。

5.The governments should A. push in 【答案】Bthe use of new types of energy to make a greener world. B. push for C. put out D. put up【考点定位】 :考查动词短语辨析。

6.—The stuntman is planning to walk on the wings of a flying plane. —What?! I've never heard of A. a crazier 【答案】A B. the crazier idea before. C. a craziest D. the craziest【考点定位】 :考查形容词的比较等级及冠词辨析。

7.Why did she get so mad? It was only a A. hopeless 【答案】C B. hopeful joke. C. harmless D. harmful

【考点定位】 :考查形容词辨析。

8.—The school network will be shut down for safety reasons. —That doesn't A.satisfy 【答案】C 【解析】 试题分析:句意:――学校的络因为安全原因要关闭。

――那根本不让我担心。

至少我不是 虫。

A.satisfy 满意;B.surprise 惊奇,惊喜;C.worry 担心,烦恼;D.include 包括。

后面说“我 不是虫” ,说明断不让我担心,故选 C。

worry sb 某人担心;worry about sb 担心某人 【考点定位】 :考查动词辨析。

9.Too many people were absent. The chairperson warned that he A. would cancel 【答案】A B. cancelled C. would start the meeting if necessary. D. started me at all.I'm not a net-worm, anyway. B.surprise C.worry D.include【考点定位】 :考查动词辨析及宾语从句的时态。

10.—Is your sleeping problem getting better? —No. And . They gave me the wrong medicine this time. Can you believe that? B. it never rains but it pours D. every dog has its dayA. a good miss is as good as a mile C. the early bird catches the worm 【答案】B

【考点定位】 :考查英语谚语。

11.I think you should complain, A. unless 【答案】A 【解析】 试题分析:句意:我认为你应该抱怨。

当然,除非你对情况满意。

A. unless 如果不,除非, 表示相反的条件;B. however 然而,表示转折;C. until 直到,在„„之前。

表示时间; D. though 尽管, 虽然, 表示条件。

如果你对情况不满意, 你就抱怨。

表示相反的条件, 用 unless。

故选 A。

连词的考点集中在两个方面,一是根据句意及语境来选择相应的连词(本题) ;二是 承接连词与并列连词不能连用,即 although 与 but;because 与 so 不能连用。

【考点定位】 :考查连词。

12.—What language is that guy speaking? I can hardly catch a single word! — A. Neither I can 【答案】B . He's from India, so I guess it is Hindi. B. Neither can I C. So I can D. So can I , of course, you are happy with the situation. C. until D. thoughB. however

【考点定位】 :考查倒装句。

13.I know he's been curious about everything, but that's A. what do kids like 【答案】D B. what kids like . Be patient! D. what kids are likeC. what are kids like【考点定位】 :考查宾语从句。

14.—I've decided to give up my job, Mum. — A. Sounds great! 【答案】D You’d better think twice. B. What a pity! C. Guess what? D. Are you serious?【考点定位】 :考查交际用语。

二、完形填空 先通读下而的短文,掌握其大意,然后在每小题所给的四个选项中,选出可 以填入空白处的最佳选项,并住答题卡上将该项涂黑。

(本大题共 10 小题,每小题 1 分,共 10 分) I sat with my friend in a well-known coffee shop. As we enjoyed our coffee, a man entered and sat down beside us. He called the waiter and ordered, "Two cups of coffee, on the wall." We heard this with great 16 15 of them thereand saw that he was served with one cup of coffee 17 put a piece of paper on the wall sayingbut he paid for two. As soon as he left, the waiter"A Cup of Coffee". While we were still there, two other men had two cups of coffee but paid for three. 18 , the waiter did the same thing. It seemed that this was usual at this place. However, it

was something strange for us. Since we had nothing to do with the paid and left. After a few days, we again had a 2019, we finished our coffee,to go to this coffee shop. While we were enjoying 21 of this coffeeour coffee, a man entered. The way this man was dressed did not match theshop. As he seated himself, he looked at the wall and said, "One cup of coffee from the wall." The waiter served coffee to this man with the same 22 . The man had his coffee and left without 23 and threw it in the dust bin. Nowpaying. The waiter took off a piece of paper from the there was no 24for us. The great kindness for the people in need shown by the people ofthis town filled up our eyes with tears. 15.A. both 16.A.joy 17.A. quickly 18.A.Instead 19.A. shop 20.A. hurry 21.A. style 22.A.respect 23.A. board 24.A. choice 【答案】 15.C 16.B 17.A 18.B 19.C 20.D 21.B 22.A 23.D 24.C B. neither B.interest B. suddenly B.Again B. waiter B. time B. standard B.courage B. table B. clue C. one C.effort C. wisely C.Indeed C. matter C. wish C. furniture C.result C. bill C. doubt D. none D.fear D. properly D.Anyway D. men D. chance D. colour D.custom D. wall D. hope

【考点定位】 :考查生活故事类短文阅读。

三、阅读理解阅读下面的短文,然后根据短文内容,在每小题所给的四个选项中选出最佳 选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

(本大题共 13 小题,每小题 2 分,共 26 分) A From: To: annel@freemai14all.com tss_liam@kidstarmail.net Sent: Wed., Oct. 19Subject: Hello! ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Hi, Liam! So you're my new pen friend. Let me tell you a bit about myself. I'm 14 years old and I live in Calgary, Canada. I have two older brothers, Brian and Sam. I'm the only girl. I love sports and I'm always looking for exciting new hobbies to try. I like playing baseball in winter. It's fun beating the boys! But summer is my favourite time of the year. I love skateboarding and rock climbing in summer. Skateboarding's great because it's so fun and easy to learn! I often skateboard after school. There are many places in the park where I can do stunts. I'm good at stunts like jumping and turning the skateboard! Rock climbing is also really fun. I usually climb with my dad on weekends. We can't do it on real mountains very often because we live in the city. We do indoor rock climbing instead but it's not as challenging. So that's me! How about you? Please write back soon! Bye for now! Anne 25.Who wrote this email? A. Liam. B. Brian. C. Sam. D.Anne.26.What is the writer like? A.Active. B.Shy. C.Lazy. D.Kind.27.The writer sent this emailin order to A. describe some exciting sports B. look for a suitable pen friend

C. make a self-introduction 【答案】 25.D 26.A 27.CD. show others his/her hobbies【考点定位】 :考查书信类短文阅读。

B SCENE I One dollar a week The doorway of the house where Chandler has a room. He is dressed in his best clothes, ready for his evening out. He is going out as his friend, Jeff 'White, comes in. WHITE CHANDLER WHITE CHANDLER WHITE CHANDLER What are you doing this evening, Towers? (Smiling) Tonight I'm going to live like a man with a million dollars! What are you talking about? You haven't got a million dollars! How much money are you and I paid each week, Jeff? Eighteen dollars. Why? And how much of that eighteen dollars do you spend each week?

WHITE CHANDLERAll of it, of course. Well, I don't. Each week I save one dollar out of my eighteen. Then, every ten weeks, I can buy myself an evening to remember.WHITE CHANDLERWhat do you do? I put on my finest clothes, go to one of the best restaurants in New York, eat the most expensive food on the menu, drink the best wine, and then take a taxi home!WHITE CHANDLER(29 ) Why?Why? Because it makes me feel wonderful to sit with some of 'the richest people in America, and to make them think that I'm rich, too.WHITE CHANDLER Mrs Black comes in. MRS BLACK CHANDLER MRS BLACKYou're crazy! (Laughing) Perhaps I am!Ah, Mr Chandler. I wanted to see you. Good evening, Mrs Black. What a lovely evening! Lovely evening perhaps, but you haven't paid me for your room this month. When am I going to get the money?CHANDLERSoon, Mrs Black. Very soon.Mrs Black looks at Chandler s clothes. MRS BLACK You can spend money on expensive clothes, but you can't pay for your room. Is that right? CHANDLER (Hurrying away) Good night, Mrs Black! . C. a poem 29 ? D. Scared D. a speech28.This is most probably part of A. a play B. a novel29.Which of the following is the most suitable for A. Excited B. Surprised.C. Bored.30.What can we learn about Chandler? A. He is a man of great wealth. C. He is not very practical. 【答案】 B. He is a man of great wisdom. D. He is not very confident.

28.A 29.B 30.C际的人;D. He is not very confident.他不是很自信的人。

一个周入 18 美元的人,却要去穿上 最好的衣服,进纽约最好的饭店,吃最贵的食物,喝最好的酒„„这样挥霍的人,不切实际。

故选 C。

【考点定位】 :考查故事类短文阅读。

C "Well, just take a look at that wheel (航轮) !” Earl Cooper said to Candy, his wife. "It must be older than anything we have back home." Earl was looking at the wall outside the pub(酒馆). The pub's name, The Old Swan, was on the wall. Next to the name was a wooden ship's wheel and in the middle of the wheel was the name of a ship, HMS Swan. The wheel was old, Earl could tell. The next morning, Earl asked to see Tony Thatcher. The Old Swan was Tony's pub. He took Earl to his office while Candy had a coffee outside by the river. Earl said he could give Tony a lot of money for the ship's wheel. He told Tony that Benjamin Cooper, his grandfather, went to America on the ship HMS Swan. But Tony said no at first. After all, the wheel was very old and it was part of the pub's past.

"You can think of the past, Mr. Thatcher - can I call you Tony? - or you can think of today. And with the money, Tony, you can buy a good car. Maybe a new Jaguar? And, as I've told you, the wheel is part of my family's past too. So you could say it's going back home, in a way. So, what do you say?" A month later, Earl and Candy were smiling as they looked at the wall of their house in Houston, Texas. Earl thought to himself that, at last, he had a piece of his family's past. He was happy. In Portsmouth, Tony Thatcher was happy, too. He was putting his new Jaguar into his large garage(车库). He was careful not to drive into any of the six ship's wheels in the garage. A friend of his made the wheels for him. They were just like the one that Earl bought. And there was another wheel on the outside wall of The Old Swan now. Old or new - Tony thought there was no way that a tourist could ever know which was which. Never in a hundred years. 31.Why did Tony refuse to sell the wheel at first? Because he thought it was old and part of the pub's past. Because he wanted to show it was important to his pub. Because he tried to sell it to someone else at a higher price. Because he did not really believe what Earl had told him. 32.What can we infer(椎断) from the story? Earl had looked for such a wheel for a long time before that. Earl would soon find out the truth and become rather angry. Tony had sold quite a few wheels like that ancl got wealthy, Tony would play the same trick again to make more money.[来 33.Which ofthe following can be the best title ofthe story? A. The Wheel on the Wall C. Old or New - Who Knows 【答案】 31.B 32.D 33.A B. An Excellent Buy D. the Family's Past

Excellent Buy 一次极好的购买;C. Old or New - Who Knows 旧的新的,谁知道? D. the Family's Past 家的过去。

本文讲的是酒馆墙上的航轮,酒馆老板借此敛财,与航轮相关的人 们做着非常认真的事。

故本文最好标题是 A。

【考点定位】 :考查故事类短文阅读。

D An early form of a game in which a ball was kicked around a field is recorded in 1004 B.C. Japan. Some sports historians believe that the game of soccer began in England in the third century, however. They say that early English warriors(武士) kicked around the head of a killed enemy. This may or may not be true, but it is certain that soccer is an ancient sport. Without doubt, the English played soccer during the times of King Edward I in the 1300s. In fact, the king passed a law against playing it. The law said, "There is great noise ... caused by

kicking large balls from which many ghosts may appear." Anyone caught playing soccer at that time was put into prison. Two hundred years later, Queen Elizabeth I still had people put into prison for playing this "vulgar" sport. Although there were such laws, soccer grew more popular. In 1681 it became an official(正式 的) sport in England. By the 1800s, people throughout the country played soccer. By the 18th century, upper-class boys played it at schools. Its popularity grew among all English people. At a meeting held in an English school in 1843, the first rules were suggested. In 1863 the heads of English soccer teams met in London to agree on some official rules. They organized an English football association(协会). By 1871 all of the English clubs were following these rules. Today all soccer teams play by them. Soccer is called "football" everywhere but in the United States. The game is played mostly with feet. No players except the goalie (守门员 ) may touch the ball with their hands. They may control the ball with any part of the body except their hands. Soccer is by far the world's most popular sport. Every four years, nearly every country in the world tlghts for the World Cup. Tens of billions of soccer fans from around the world watch the World Cup on television. 34.According to the passage, a "vulgar" sport probably A. appears to be rude C. requires lots of energy B. appears to be old D. requires good teamwork35.Which ofthe following shows the right order ofthe development ofthe game? Upper-class boy students played it at schools. An English football association was organized. It became a popular sport throughout England. The rules were accepted by all English clubs. Playing the game was considered to be guilty. A. e-c-a-b-d. B. e-c-a-d-b. C. e-a-c-b-d. D. e-a-c-d-b.36.What can we learn from the passage? It is certain that soccer has a history ofover l,800 years. The English had to play soccer in secret for two centuries. Football is called "soccer" in the US because of the rules.

The king passed the law against the game for a stupid reason. 37.This passage is mainly about A. why the game is so popular C. what the game is like 【答案】 34.A 35.C 36.D 37.B B. how the game has developed D. where the game first began

【考点定位】 :考查文化类短文阅读。

笫 II 卷(主观题共 40 分) 四、词汇运用 (本大题共 8 小题,每小题 1 分,共 8 分) (A)根据句意和汉语注释,在答题卡对应题号的横线上,写出单词的正确形式。

1.Life is like a (赛跑).You either take the lead or fall behind. (醒着的)all night.2.I thought about what she had said and stayed 3.Hey! Relax! No one will 4.Many countries speak(强迫)you to do that if you're not willing to. (高度地)of China's high-speed railway technologies.(B)根据句意,在答题卡对应题号的横线上,写出括号内所给单词的适当形式。

5.Don't look at me like that! I'm telling you the 6.It is not polite to ask a stranger questions about his 7.Red lanterns are often 8.The new system is now 【答案】 1.race 2.awake 3.force 4.highly 5.truth (true). (person) life.(hang) along the streets before Spring Festival. (wide) used by IT companies all over the world.

6.personal 7.hung 8.widely【考点定位】 :考查词汇运用。

五、动词填空 用括号内所给动词的适当形式填空,并将答案写在答题卡对应题号的横线上。

(本大题共 8 小题,每小题 1 分,共 8 分) 1.Trust me. I 2.I'm so sorry that I 3.Sally loves chocolate. -That 4.If you have any trouble (keep) it between you and me, I promise. Talk now. (not understand) you, but I do now. (explain) why it's hard for her to lose weight. (use) the website,just click on this icon for help.5.—Why didn't you answer my call? —I (take) a shower. But I called you back as soon as I got out. (remember) the dead in World War II. (give) after all. Choices can6.A big parade was held on Red Square7.Cleverness is a gift; kindness is a choice. Gifts are easy - they be hard.

8.—Is the little baby in this photo me, Dad? —It is. And now you 【答案】 1.will keep 2.did not understand 3.explains 4.using 5.was taking 6.to remember 7.are given 8.have grown (grow) into a young man. Where does the time go, huh?

【考点定位】 :考查词汇运用。

六、阅读填空 先通读下面的短文,然后根据短文内容,在文章后表格的空格内填入一个最 恰当的单词。

所填单词必须写在答题卡对应题号的横线上。

每个空格只能填一个单词。

(本大 题共 5 小题,每小题 1 分,共 5 分) A "blog"is a shortened name for a'web log". People write blogs about all kinds of things, from news and events to hobbies and reviews. Some people use them just as a simple record of what they have done. “Blogging" has become very popular as more and more people use the Internet. New technologies have made keeping a blog an easy thing to do, so millions of people now have their own blogs. They are usually free to set up and are easy to update. You can upload pictures onto a blog and link to other websites. To many people, these features make blogs much more useful than traditional diaries. We are now able to send texts, pictures and videos from our mobile phones directly onto the Web. New technologies like this are making blogging even easier, People also think that blogs are better than newspapers for finding out about news, events and opinions. They like to use blogs because they can get information from everywhere. It looks like blogs are going to become one of the most important ways to find and share information in the near future.What is a blog?•“Blog” is1 for “web log”. 2 3 online .•Writing blogs is like keeping a Why are blogs so popular? •The number of the Internet users is•They are easy to use and cost noting. 4 developing? are blogs •Text, pictures and videos can be sent directly onto the Web from mobile Phones now. •Blogging will be one of the most important ways to find and share information 5 .Title:Basic Knowledge of A Blog 【答案】

1.short 2.diary 3.increasing 4.How 5.soonsoon。

【考点定位】 :阅读填空。

七、完成句子按所给的汉语,用英语完成下列句子,并将答案与在答题卡对应题号的横线上。

(本大题共 6 小题,每小题 1.5 分,共 9 分) 1.我记忆中的父亲不苟言笑,对我严格要求。

In my memory, Father was a man of few words and he 2.这些短信很无聊,不值得回复。

.

These short messages are so boring that they 3.为生价值并不取决于你是谁,而是你做什么。

The value of life does not 4.这对新人相爱多年,今天终成眷属。

真好! The new couple getting married today. How nice! 5.《新天鹅湖》的特别之处在于它是以现代方式编曲的。

What makes New Swan Lake special is that 6.别做白日梦了!别指望你会碰巧引起导演的注意。

Stop daydreaming! Never expect that you'll 【答案】 1.was strict with me 2.aren’t worth replying to 3.depend on who you are 4.have been in love 5.it’s made up in a modern way 6.happen to catch the director’s attention . ,but what you do..with each other for many years and they are finally.

【考点定位】 :完成句子。

八、书面表达(本大题共 10 分) 假设你是悉尼大学一名华裔学生, 名叫 Jason Wu。

你从 China Daily 上看到该报正在开展 主题为 Change for a Better China 的环保讨论活动。

你打算结合自己所居住的小镇的变化,给 报社写一封英文信参与讨论。

内容提示见下表: 注意事项: 1.英文信须包括表格中所有提示内容,要求语句通顺、意思连贯; 2.表格中“感想建议”一栏须用 2-3 句话展开合理想象,作适当发挥; 3.词数在 90 个左右,信的首尾己在答题卡上给出,不计入总词数; 4.信件内容必须写在答题卡指定的位置上。

小镇概况 过去状况 应对措施 感想建议 参考词汇: 澳洲最美小镇(Australia's Nicest Towns) 【答案】 Dear Editor, I am a student of Sdyney University. I am living in a small town called Hartwell with a population 清洁能源(clean energy) Hartwell, 人口约 5,0000, “澳洲最美小镇”之一 当地人冬天燃木取暖,引起空气污染、树木被伐 理发阻止此类活动,鼓励使用清洁能源 „„

of around 5000.It is one of the “Australia’s Nicest Towns”. But things were very different in the past. The local people used to burn wood to keep their houses warm in winter. That caused serious air pollution and a lot of tress were cut down. Laws were soon made to stop this and people were encouraged to use clean energy. I think we can do something similar in China. Perhaps we can start with using less oil. I believe we can make our world a better place if we keep trying. Yours sincerely, Jason Wu【考点定位】 :考查提纲类短文写作。

 
 

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